Sans [ceuticals] | Glossary Index



Cetyl Esters

Derived from either coconut or palm and used as a natural foaming agent in shampoos or as a moisturiser, emulsifier or thickening agent in skin creams and lotions. Waxes secreted by plants are mainly esters of fatty acids and usually have a protective function in formulations.

Cetyl Stearyl Alcohol

Derived from coconut, palm or soy, cetyl stearyl alcohol is used in hair care formulations to soften the hair fibre and provide slip and sheen.


A molecule found in nature, Citral is a main component of citrus fruit's peel oil and plays a role in our natural, plant-based fragrance.

Citric Acid

In the cosmetics industry, Citric Acid is used to optimise the pH level in various formulations to ensure healthy skin and hair.

Cocamide MIPA

A mild, skin-friendly cleanser, derived from coconut, that effectively removes surface oil and dirt without stripping or drying sensitive skin.

Cocamidopropyl Betaine

Derived from coconut, Cocamidopropyl Betaine is a mild, non-irritating foaming agent used to thicken shampoos and reduce irritation.

Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine

Derived from coconut oil and used in hair and body cleansers as a superior replacement for sulfates.


Coco-glucoside is a non-ionic surfactant that is used in cosmetic formulations to provide conditioning, stabilising and emulsifying properties. It is derived from renewable resources such as coconut oil and fruit sugars.

Cocos Nucifera [Coconut] Oil

With excellent antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal properties, Coconut oil is made up of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) such as capric acid, caprylic acid, and the powerful lauric acid. The human body converts lauric acid to combat viruses and bacteria, making the antiviral activity of coconut oil unparalleled. A luxuriously rich moisturiser, it is ideal for both dry, damaged skin, and oily, acne-prone skin, and is particularly high in Vitamin E.

Cocos Nucifera


The chemical constituent of many natural fragrance oils, most notably the tonka bean, vanilla grass, cinnamon and strawberries, Coumarin is at the heart of sans [ceuticals]’s plant-based fragrance.

Croton Lechleri [Dragon's Blood] Resin Extract

Dragon’s blood extract is obtained from the latex of the Croton lechleri tree. Proanthocyanidins are the main chemical constituent of dragon’s blood and possess an antioxidant power 20 times greater than vitamin E and 5 times greater than vitamin C. Proanthocyanidins promote hair follicle cell proliferation and promote hair growth.

Dragons Blood Extract


Daucus Carota Sativa [Carrot] Root Extract

A rich source of Beta Carotene, when this powerful ingredient is topically applied to the skin, it is converted by the body into vitamin A — the holy grail of skin regeneration.

Daucus Carota [Carrot] Seed Oil

Extracted by cold pressing the seeds of the Daucus carota plant, carrot seed oil smooths and softens skin, and assists in cell growth and rejuvenation. It also contains a high dose of vitamin A and carotene to help heal dry, cracked skin.

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Decyl Glucoside

A natural, plant-derived, mild and biodegradable non-ionic surfactant that is gentle on all hair types and used in cosmetic formulations including baby shampoo, and products for individuals with sensitive skin.

Decyl Oleate

Derived from plant-based fatty acids, Decyl Oleate possesses a similar composition to the skin's natural lipids. It is commonly used as a skin-conditioning ingredient due to its excellent ability to deliver immediate skin hydration.

Dehydroacetic Acid

Dehydroacetic Acid is an Ecocert approved, multi-use, broad spectrum preservative system that is a synergistic blend of organic acid and alcohol. It meets COSMOS standards and is also NATRUE Certified, guaranteeing the ingredient is genuinely natural and not tested on animals.

Dehydroxanthan Gum

Derived from the fermentation process of glucose, sucrose or lactose, Dehydroxanthan Gum is a common a thickening agent in cosmetics. It outperforms artificial thickeners as it works well in humid conditions, reacting well with water and providing smoothing properties.

Dicaprylyl Carbonate

A solid, plant-derived fat used as an emollient in skincare formulations, Dicaprylyl Carbonate is derived from coconut oil and sustainably sourced palm kernel oil and leaves a dry, velvety feel, with no oily residue. The ingredient is RSPO certified.

Di Sodium Lauryl Ethoxy Sulphosuccinate

Derived from coconut, Di Sodium Lauryl Ethoxy Sulphosuccinate is a cleansing agent that is gentle on skin.

Tocopheryl Acetate [Vitamin E]

One of the skincare industry’s most efficacious ingredients, Vitamin E possesses superior antioxidant activity and protects skin cells from ultraviolet light, pollution and other elements that produce free radicals which damage skin by breaking down collagen and elastin, causing signs of aging. Vitamin E fights against and repairs the damage caused by these free radicals, enabling the skin’s structure to stay intact, helping to reduce transepidermal water loss and strengthening the skin’s barrier function. Applying it directly to the body can increase levels of Vitamin E in the skin by almost ten times, giving the skin a reserve it can draw from to reduce and prevent skin damage, such as stretch marks. One of the most important benefits of Vitamin E is the prevention of skin cancer. It protects the epidermis from early stages of ultraviolet light damage, while providing some benefit in preventing and treating sunburn. Vitamin E regulates Vitamin A in cosmetic formulations, making this a powerful combination in skincare.

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Eugenol, also known as clove oil, is an aromatic oil extracted from cloves and plays a role in our natural, plant-based fragrance.


Fragrance [100% natural]

Our fragrance [fragrance is a term required by EU regulations] is 100 percent natural and extracted using CO2 supercritical extraction. This is one of the cleanest and purest ways of obtaining extracts and actives from ingredients and eliminates the need for potentially harmful solvents such as hexane, often used in the manufacture of ‘absolute' and 'fragrance oils’. This method also produces a more alive, rich and spirited aroma.



Gluconolactone is derived from GE-free corn, which is used as a preservative in the food and cosmetic industry. Gluconolactone is also a natural constituent of many foods, including honey, fruit juices, wine and other fermented products. It is used as a moisturiser, antioxidant and chelant. It has excellent safety and toxicity results via comprehensive data studies and is not tested on animals.

Gluconolactone & Sodium Benzoate

Gluconolactone is derived from GE-free corn, which is used as a preservative in the food and cosmetic industry. Gluconolactone is also a natural constituent of many foods, including honey, fruit juices, wine and other fermented products. It is used as a moisturiser, antioxidant and chelant. It has excellent safety and toxicity results via comprehensive data studies and is not tested on animals.

Sodium benzoate occurs naturally in the plant world and has a long history of safe use as an effective and natural preservative in the food and personal care industry.


A simple sugar derived from corn that is also a powerful humectant. Designed to hold and bind moisture deep within the hair fibre for a softer, silkier result.


Derived from plant oils, Glycerin is a humectant designed to moisturise the hair and skin by drawing moisture from the air. It forms a protective layer to ensure this moisture is then effectively locked in.


Glyceryl Stearate SE

Our plant-based version of Glyceryl Stearate acts as a lubricant on the skin's surface, giving it a softer, smoother appearance. It also reduces trans-epidermal water loss by forming a barrier on the skin's surface. This ingredient is RSPO certified and is derived from sustainably sourced vegetable oils.

Glycol Distearate

Derived from canola, coconut and palm kernel oil, this ingredient is used to provide conditioning and thickening properties to a formulation. RSPO certified.

Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride

Derived from Guar gum, this ingredient is commonly used in hair and body washes as a conditioning agent for both skin and hair. It also acts as a vehicle for active ingredients, and provides anti-static properties without weighing hair down.


Hamamelis Virginiana Water

Derived from the hamamelis virginiana plant native to America, Witch Hazel possesses an array of skin benefits, including superior anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. An oil regulator and highly antiseptic, it is of great benefit to acneic skin types, as well as helping to tighten pores and soothe post-shave.


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