Sans [ceuticals] | Glossary Index



Acetic Acid [Apple Cider Vinegar]

Derived from the fermentation process of apples, acetic acid is an organic compound that corrects the hair's pH back to virgin state. When hair fibre’s pH is altered, it becomes damaged; the cuticle becomes raised, making hair strands snag on one another. Hair will also look matte, dull and lacklustre. This can be corrected by simply reversing the pH to make the surface smooth, ultra glossy and shiny.

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Actinidia Deliciosa [Kiwi] Fruit Extract

Kiwifruit extract is high in Vitamin C, which helps fight the dark spots associated with sun damage and ageing and ensures skin looks more evenly toned. Along with this, it is rich in vitamin E, another powerhouse antioxidant that protects collagen and elastin proteins from free radical damage. It is also high in lutein, which possesses natural anti-inflammatory properties to soothe skin irritation and redness.

Adansonia Digitata [Baobab] Seed Oil

Derived from cold pressing the seed of the Baobab tree, Baobab oil is highly nourishing and soothing and excellent for treating psoriasis and eczema due to its high omega 3, 6, and 9 content. Lipid rich, it contains vitamins A, D, and F, which are essential for the rejuvenation and renewal of cell membranes. It also possesses high levels of vitamin E, which gives it superior antioxidant qualities to help fight ageing.


Denatured alcohol is commonly used in formulations as a penetration enhancer, solubiliser, astringent and antimicrobial. A controversial ingredient because when used in high doses, it can be very drying on the skin and hair, but in minute doses boosts the performance of active ingredients and helps disinfect the skin.

Alcohol Denat

Denatured alcohol is commonly used in formulations as a penetration enhancer, solubiliser, astringent and antimicrobial. A controversial ingredient because when used in high doses, it can be very drying on the skin and hair, but in minute doses boosts the performance of active ingredients and helps disinfect the skin.

Aloe Barbadensis [Aloe Vera] Leaf Juice

The ability of succulents like Aloe vera to survive harsh environments is due to their incredible capacity to hold moisture. They are also highly anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antibacterial. Scientists have discovered over 200 nutritional substances in the Aloe vera leaf, including 20 minerals, 20 amino acids,12 vitamins, and active enzymes.

Aloe Leaf Juice

Alpha-Glucan & Glucosyl Ceramide

This ingredient combination is derived from the rice of the Hokkaido region in Japan. Ceramides are the main components of intercellular lipids that fill gaps in the outermost layer of the skin. They play an extremely important role in maintaining the skin’s barrier function and help to retain moisture. As we age, our ceramide production declines. The outer layer of the skin also experiences a reduction in ceramide during winter months and in the skin of dermatitis and eczema sufferers.

Alpha-Hydroxy Acid

Alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) helps to clear follicles from the excessive build up of dead cells, allowing more room for thicker hair growth. In addition, it maintains the natural pH of the hair and scalp, ensuring that hair proteins are kept hard and more resistant to breakage. Enjoy healthier hair with the use of Sans [ceuticals] Balancing Hair Wash, high in alpha-hydroxy acid.


Part of a patented complex called AQUAXYL™ - an innovative combination of plant sugars that boost hydration and strengthen the barrier function of the hair and skin. It also restores moisture at the heart of the cuticle.


Pure, filtered water utilising Microflow filtration technology to remove impurities such as chlorine, metals, limescale and pesticides.

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AQUAXYL™ - Xylitylglucoside & Anhydroxylitol & Xylitol

AQUAXYL™ is a patented, innovative combination of two natural plant sugars that boosts hydration and strengthens the barrier function of the hair and skin. It also restores hair moisture at the heart of the cuticle.

Argania Spinosa [Argan] Oil

A traditional ingredient derived from the kernels of the argan tree, this oil contains high levels of antioxidants, vitamins A and E, and is rich in omega 3 and omega 6. This allows it to deliver potent antioxidant qualities while hydrating and healing the skin.

Ascorbyl Tetraisopalmitate

Ascorbyl Tetraisopalmitate is derived from ascorbic acid [vitamin C] and isopalmitic acid, resulting in a lipo-soluble form of Vitamin C. Being in oil form, it is readily absorbed into the active layers of the skin for increased efficacy and is much more stable.

It is high in antioxidants protecting the skin from oxidative stress caused by free radicals. It stimulates collagen production [a protein that maintains the skin's firmness and elasticity]. It inhibits melanin production, helping to lighten dark spots and hyperpigmentation for a brighter, clearer complexion and has anti-inflammatory properties.


Bambusa Arundinacea [Bamboo] Stem Powder

A highly sustainable ingredient derived from the stems of the bamboo plant, Bamboo Stem Powder is rich in minerals and silica. The micro-fine powder acts as a gentle, yet effective exfoliant without causing the likes of capillary damage and inflammation often associated with harsh scrubs.

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Behentrimonium Methosulfate

Derived from non-GMO rapeseed oil, behentrimonium methosulfate is one of the mildest hair-detangling ingredients available today. This scientifically sophisticated ingredient is renowned for its superior detangling ability without causing build-up on the hair. Unlike other hair detanglers, which are known for their irritancy, behentrimonium methosulfate is extremely mild and recommended for use in baby products which are left on the skin. It is not part of the sulfate family.

Benzyl Alcohol

An Ecocert approved, multi-use, broad spectrum preservative system that is a synergistic blend of organic acid and alcohol, Benzyl Alcohol meets COSMOS standards and is NATRUE Certified, guaranteeing the ingredient is genuinely natural and not tested on animals.


Betaine is a naturally derived ingredient extracted from the sugar beet plant. It is added to skincare to increase hydration, while restoring and protecting the skin's natural barrier function. In haircare it serves to improve hair strength and resilience, imparting a silkiness post-use.


Calendula Officinalis [Calendula] Oil

Extracted from marigold flowers, Calendula stimulates the formation of new tissue, has anti-inflammatory and healing properties, and is highly soothing.

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Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract

A powerful antioxidant that soothes and protects the skin, Camellia Sinensis Leaf extract helps balance sebum production, and minimises the signs of ageing.

Cannabis Sativa [Hemp] Seed Oil

A natural powerhouse for the skin, Hemp Seed oil is high in omegas 3, 6, and 9, all of which help repair the skin’s barrier to help keep moisture locked in. Excellent for most skin types, it draws moisture into the skin without clogging pores, helping to balance oily skin, hydrating it and regulating oil production. It also possesses anti-inflammatory properties.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

A fine, lightweight oil derived from coconut oil and glycerin, this essential ingredient contains a mix of fatty acids that help to replenish the skin and form a protective layer to prevent moisture loss. It is especially suited to sensitive and oily skin types.

Carica Papaya [Papaya] Seed Oil

Extracted from the papaya seed, papaya oil contains papain, a proteolytic enzyme that is a gentle alternative to manual exfoliation in the removal of dead skin cells. It is also highly anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory.

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Derived from red seaweed [Chondrus crispus], Carrageenan is most commonly known as Irish moss. It is used in product formulation to impart a smooth, creamy texture. Also an effective water-binding agent, it helps deliver increased hydration to the skin and hair.

Cera Alba [Beeswax]

When applied to the skin, beeswax forms a protective barrier that helps protect it from environmental assaults, while also locking in moisture and reducing dryness.

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Ceramide AS

Ceramides are lipids (fats) that are found naturally in high concentrations in the uppermost layers of skin. They make up over 50 per cent of skin’s composition, and play a vital role in determining how your skin looks and how it responds to environmental threats. Ceramides play an extremely important role in maintaining a healthy skin barrier as they prevent irritants penetrating and moisture leaching out, but their production declines with age. We use a vegan form in our formulations.

Ceramides NS

A highly rich complex extracted from the sunflower plant, containing ceramides (glycosphingolipids & phospholipids) that protects hair from thermal/hot tool damage. Repairs and restructures the hair fibre by forming a protective layer and improving the cohesion of cuticle scales. Prevents hair colour from fading. Studies show it can strengthen hair by up to 16%.

Ceramides are naturally occurring lipids (or fatty materials) that are found in the hair and skin. They naturally exist within the hair fibre, sandwiched in a region between the cuticle and cortex called the cell membrane complex (CMC ). In short, ceramides help keep our hair from falling apart. Ceramides are also believed to play a key role in the hair’s transition from 'live cells' within the follicle and beneath the skin’s surface to the dead, keratinised hair shafts that we see.

Ceramides are the 'glue' of our hair. Without them, our cuticle layers would unhinge and simply fall off. As we subject our hair to chemical, hot tool and environmental damage, it is depleted of ceramides and becomes brittle, dry and difficult to manage. Ceramides are needed as part of any basic moisture and protein conditioning plan to restore the hair’s health. Hydrate your hair with a powerful dose of ceramides through daily use of Sans [ceuticals] Nourishing Hair Wash.

Ceramides perform a 'barrier function' and help reduce the hair’s overall porosity. Ceramides bind to the hair fibre in damaged, vulnerable areas to help prevent the natural moisture and protein loss that occurs through chemical, hot tool and environmental damage. Natural ceramides keep the hair fibre tight and cuticles flat, so that the hair shines and has low porosity.

People who colour their hair will find that their colour deposits more evenly when the hair has been conditioned with ceramide-rich products prior to the service. Ceramides have also been shown to protect the hair against ultraviolet radiation from outside sun exposure.

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Cetearyl Alcohol

Derived from coconut oil, Cetearyl Alcohol is used as an emulsifier and moisturiser, and also to add a creamy texture to formulations.

Cetearyl Glucoside

Derived from either corn or coconut to emulsify and bind formulations together. Cetearyl glucoside is the more environmental choice as it is biodegradable and sustainable without the use of chemicals or solvents.

Cetearyl Olivate

Derived from olive oil, Cetearyl Olivate is a unique, natural, PEG-free emulsifier. It reduces transepidermal water loss, has a highly moisturising effect, is hypoallergenic and biomimics the skin.

Cetyl Alcohol

Derived from coconut and palm oils, Cetyl Aalcohol is a mixture of fatty alcohols found in plants. Used in skin and haircare formulations to stabilise and thicken emulsions, it also helps prevent separation.


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