Glossary


 
A

Acetic Acid [Apple Cider Vinegar]

Derived from the fermentation process of apples, acetic acid is an organic compound that corrects the hair's pH back to virgin state. When hair fibre’s pH is altered, it becomes damaged; the cuticle becomes raised, making hair strands snag on one another. Hair will also look matte, dull and lacklustre. This can be corrected by simply reversing the pH to make the surface smooth, ultra glossy and shiny.

Acetic Acid [Apple Cider Vinegar]

Actinidia Deliciosa [Kiwi] Fruit Extract

Kiwifruit extract is high in Vitamin C, which helps fight the dark spots associated with sun damage and ageing and ensures skin looks more evenly toned. Along with this, it is rich in vitamin E, another powerhouse antioxidant that protects collagen and elastin proteins from free radical damage. It is also high in lutein, which possesses natural anti-inflammatory properties to soothe skin irritation and redness.

Adansonia Digitata [Baobab] Seed Oil

Derived from cold pressing the seed of the Baobab tree, Baobab oil is highly nourishing and soothing and excellent for treating psoriasis and eczema due to its high omega 3, 6, and 9 content. Lipid rich, it contains vitamins A, D, and F, which are essential for the rejuvenation and renewal of cell membranes. It also possesses high levels of vitamin E, which gives it superior antioxidant qualities to help fight ageing.

Alcohol

Denatured alcohol is commonly used in formulations as a penetration enhancer, solubiliser, astringent and antimicrobial. A controversial ingredient because when used in high doses, it can be very drying on the skin and hair, but in minute doses boosts the performance of active ingredients and helps disinfect the skin.

Alcohol Denat

Denatured alcohol is commonly used in formulations as a penetration enhancer, solubiliser, astringent and antimicrobial. A controversial ingredient because when used in high doses, it can be very drying on the skin and hair, but in minute doses boosts the performance of active ingredients and helps disinfect the skin.

Aloe Barbadensis [Aloe Vera] Leaf Juice

The ability of succulents like Aloe vera to survive harsh environments is due to their incredible capacity to hold moisture. They are also highly anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antibacterial. Scientists have discovered over 200 nutritional substances in the Aloe vera leaf, including 20 minerals, 20 amino acids,12 vitamins, and active enzymes.

Aloe Barbadensis [Aloe Vera] Leaf Juice

Alpha-Glucan & Glucosyl Ceramide

This ingredient combination is derived from the rice of the Hokkaido region in Japan. Ceramides are the main components of intercellular lipids that fill gaps in the outermost layer of the skin. They play an extremely important role in maintaining the skin’s barrier function and help to retain moisture. As we age, our ceramide production declines. The outer layer of the skin also experiences a reduction in ceramide during winter months and in the skin of dermatitis and eczema sufferers.

Alpha-Hydroxy Acid

Alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) helps to clear follicles from the excessive build up of dead cells, allowing more room for thicker hair growth. In addition, it maintains the natural pH of the hair and scalp, ensuring that hair proteins are kept hard and more resistant to breakage. Enjoy healthier hair with the use of Sans [ceuticals] Balancing Hair Wash, high in alpha-hydroxy acid.

Anhydroxylitol

Part of a patented complex called AQUAXYL™ - an innovative combination of plant sugars that boost hydration and strengthen the barrier function of the hair and skin. It also restores moisture at the heart of the cuticle.

Aqua

Pure, filtered water utilising Microflow filtration technology to remove impurities such as chlorine, metals, limescale and pesticides.

Aqua

AQUAXYL™ - Xylitylglucoside & Anhydroxylitol & Xylitol

AQUAXYL™ is a patented, innovative combination of two natural plant sugars that boosts hydration and strengthens the barrier function of the hair and skin. It also restores hair moisture at the heart of the cuticle.

Argania Spinosa [Argan] Oil

A traditional ingredient derived from the kernels of the argan tree, this oil contains high levels of antioxidants, vitamins A and E, and is rich in omega 3 and omega 6. This allows it to deliver potent antioxidant qualities while hydrating and healing the skin.

Avena Sativa [Oat] Kernel Extract

Oat Kernel extract helps strengthen the outer barrier of the skin, something often compromised in eczema and dermatitis sufferers. It is also anti-inflammatory and highly soothing, helping to reduce itching and calm the skin.


 
B

Bambusa Arundinacea [Bamboo] Stem Powder

A highly sustainable ingredient derived from the stems of the bamboo plant, Bamboo Stem Powder is rich in minerals and silica. The micro-fine powder acts as a gentle, yet effective exfoliant without causing the likes of capillary damage and inflammation often associated with harsh scrubs.

Bambusa Arundinacea [Bamboo] Stem Powder

Behentrimonium Methosulfate

Derived from non-GMO rapeseed oil, behentrimonium methosulfate is one of the mildest hair-detangling ingredients available today. This scientifically sophisticated ingredient is renowned for its superior detangling ability without causing build-up on the hair. Unlike other hair detanglers, which are known for their irritancy, behentrimonium methosulfate is extremely mild and recommended for use in baby products which are left on the skin. It is not part of the sulfate family.

Benzyl Alcohol

An Ecocert approved, multi-use, broad spectrum preservative system that is a synergistic blend of organic acid and alcohol, Benzyl Alcohol meets COSMOS standards and is NATRUE Certified, guaranteeing the ingredient is genuinely natural and not tested on animals.

Betaine

Betaine is a naturally derived ingredient extracted from the sugar beet plant. It is added to skincare to increase hydration, while restoring and protecting the skin's natural barrier function. In haircare it serves to improve hair strength and resilience, imparting a silkiness post-use.


 
C

Calendula Officinalis [Calendula] Oil

Extracted from marigold flowers, Calendula stimulates the formation of new tissue, has anti-inflammatory and healing properties, and is highly soothing.

Calendula Officinalis [Calendula] Oil

Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract

A powerful antioxidant that soothes and protects the skin, Camellia Sinensis Leaf extract helps balance sebum production, and minimises the signs of ageing.

Cannabis Sativa [Hemp] Seed Oil

A natural powerhouse for the skin, Hemp Seed oil is high in omegas 3, 6, and 9, all of which help repair the skin’s barrier to help keep moisture locked in. Excellent for most skin types, it draws moisture into the skin without clogging pores, helping to balance oily skin, hydrating it and regulating oil production. It also possesses anti-inflammatory properties.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

A fine, lightweight oil derived from coconut oil and glycerin, this essential ingredient contains a mix of fatty acids that help to replenish the skin and form a protective layer to prevent moisture loss. It is especially suited to sensitive and oily skin types.

Carica Papaya [Papaya] Seed Oil

Extracted from the papaya seed, papaya oil contains papain, a proteolytic enzyme that is a gentle alternative to manual exfoliation in the removal of dead skin cells. It is also highly anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory.

Carica Papaya [Papaya] Seed Oil

Carrageenan

Derived from red seaweed [Chondrus crispus], Carrageenan is most commonly known as Irish moss. It is used in product formulation to impart a smooth, creamy texture. Also an effective water-binding agent, it helps deliver increased hydration to the skin and hair.

Cera Alba [Beeswax]

When applied to the skin, beeswax forms a protective barrier that helps protect it from environmental assaults, while also locking in moisture and reducing dryness.

Cera Alba [Beeswax]

Ceramide AS

Ceramides are lipids (fats) that are found naturally in high concentrations in the uppermost layers of skin. They make up over 50 per cent of skin’s composition, and play a vital role in determining how your skin looks and how it responds to environmental threats. Ceramides play an extremely important role in maintaining a healthy skin barrier as they prevent irritants penetrating and moisture leaching out, but their production declines with age. We use a vegan form in our formulations.

Ceramides

A highly rich complex extracted from the sunflower plant, containing ceramides (glycosphingolipids & phospholipids) that protects hair from thermal/hot tool damage. Repairs and restructures the hair fibre by forming a protective layer and improving the cohesion of cuticle scales. Prevents hair colour from fading. Studies show it can strengthen hair by up to 16%.

Ceramides are naturally occurring lipids (or fatty materials) that are found in the hair and skin. They naturally exist within the hair fibre, sandwiched in a region between the cuticle and cortex called the cell membrane complex (CMC ). In short, ceramides help keep our hair from falling apart. Ceramides are also believed to play a key role in the hair’s transition from 'live cells' within the follicle and beneath the skin’s surface to the dead, keratinised hair shafts that we see.

Ceramides are the 'glue' of our hair. Without them, our cuticle layers would unhinge and simply fall off. As we subject our hair to chemical, hot tool and environmental damage, it is depleted of ceramides and becomes brittle, dry and difficult to manage. Ceramides are needed as part of any basic moisture and protein conditioning plan to restore the hair’s health. Hydrate your hair with a powerful dose of ceramides through daily use of Sans [ceuticals] Nourishing Hair Wash.

Ceramides perform a 'barrier function' and help reduce the hair’s overall porosity. Ceramides bind to the hair fibre in damaged, vulnerable areas to help prevent the natural moisture and protein loss that occurs through chemical, hot tool and environmental damage. Natural ceramides keep the hair fibre tight and cuticles flat, so that the hair shines and has low porosity.

People who colour their hair will find that their colour deposits more evenly when the hair has been conditioned with ceramide-rich products prior to the service. Ceramides have also been shown to protect the hair against ultraviolet radiation from outside sun exposure.

Ceramides

Cetearyl Alcohol

Derived from coconut oil, Cetearyl Alcohol is used as an emulsifier and moisturiser, and also to add a creamy texture to formulations.

Cetearyl Glucoside

Derived from either corn or coconut to emulsify and bind formulations together. Cetearyl glucoside is the more environmental choice as it is biodegradable and sustainable without the use of chemicals or solvents.

Cetearyl Olivate

Derived from olive oil, Cetearyl Olivate is a unique, natural, PEG-free emulsifier. It reduces transepidermal water loss, has a highly moisturising effect, is hypoallergenic and biomimics the skin.

Cetyl Alcohol

Derived from coconut and palm oils, Cetyl Aalcohol is a mixture of fatty alcohols found in plants. Used in skin and haircare formulations to stabilise and thicken emulsions, it also helps prevent separation.

Cetyl Esters

Derived from either coconut or palm and used as a natural foaming agent in shampoos or as a moisturiser, emulsifier or thickening agent in skin creams and lotions. Waxes secreted by plants are mainly esters of fatty acids and usually have a protective function in formulations.

Cetyl Stearyl Alcohol

Derived from coconut, palm or soy, cetyl stearyl alcohol is used in hair care formulations to soften the hair fibre and provide slip and sheen.

Citral

A molecule found in nature, Citral is a main component of citrus fruit's peel oil and plays a role in our natural, plant-based fragrance.

Citric Acid

In the cosmetics industry, Citric Acid is used to optimise the pH level in various formulations to ensure healthy skin and hair.

Cocamide MIPA

A mild, skin-friendly cleanser, derived from coconut, that effectively removes surface oil and dirt without stripping or drying sensitive skin.

Cocamidopropyl Betaine

Derived from coconut, Cocamidopropyl Betaine is a mild, non-irritating foaming agent used to thicken shampoos and reduce irritation.

Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine

Derived from coconut oil and used in hair and body cleansers as a superior replacement for sulfates.

Coco-Glucoside

Coco-glucoside is a non-ionic surfactant that is used in cosmetic formulations to provide conditioning, stabilising and emulsifying properties. It is derived from renewable resources such as coconut oil and fruit sugars.

Cocos Nucifera [Coconut] Oil

With excellent antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal properties, Coconut oil is made up of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) such as capric acid, caprylic acid, and the powerful lauric acid. The human body converts lauric acid to combat viruses and bacteria, making the antiviral activity of coconut oil unparalleled. A luxuriously rich moisturiser, it is ideal for both dry, damaged skin, and oily, acne-prone skin, and is particularly high in Vitamin E.

Cocos Nucifera [Coconut] Oil

Coumarin

The chemical constituent of many natural fragrance oils, most notably the tonka bean, vanilla grass, cinnamon and strawberries, Coumarin is at the heart of sans [ceuticals]’s plant-based fragrance.

Croton Lechleri [Dragon's Blood] Resin Extract

Dragon’s blood extract is obtained from the latex of the Croton lechleri tree. Proanthocyanidins are the main chemical constituent of dragon’s blood and possess an antioxidant power 20 times greater than vitamin E and 5 times greater than vitamin C. Proanthocyanidins promote hair follicle cell proliferation and promote hair growth.

Croton Lechleri [Dragon's Blood] Resin Extract

 
D

Daucus Carota Sativa [Carrot] Root Extract

A rich source of Beta Carotene, when this powerful ingredient is topically applied to the skin, it is converted by the body into vitamin A — the holy grail of skin regeneration.

Daucus Carota [Carrot] Seed Oil

Extracted by cold pressing the seeds of the Daucus carota plant, carrot seed oil smooths and softens skin, and assists in cell growth and rejuvenation. It also contains a high dose of vitamin A and carotene to help heal dry, cracked skin.

Daucus Carota [Carrot] Seed Oil

Decyl Glucoside

A natural, plant-derived, mild and biodegradable non-ionic surfactant that is gentle on all hair types and used in cosmetic formulations including baby shampoo, and products for individuals with sensitive skin.

Decyl Oleate

Derived from plant-based fatty acids, Decyl Oleate possesses a similar composition to the skin's natural lipids. It is commonly used as a skin-conditioning ingredient due to its excellent ability to deliver immediate skin hydration.

Dehydroacetic Acid

Dehydroacetic Acid is an Ecocert approved, multi-use, broad spectrum preservative system that is a synergistic blend of organic acid and alcohol. It meets COSMOS standards and is also NATRUE Certified, guaranteeing the ingredient is genuinely natural and not tested on animals.

Dehydroxanthan Gum

Derived from the fermentation process of glucose, sucrose or lactose, Dehydroxanthan Gum is a common a thickening agent in cosmetics. It outperforms artificial thickeners as it works well in humid conditions, reacting well with water and providing smoothing properties.

Dicaprylyl Carbonate

A solid, plant-derived fat used as an emollient in skincare formulations, Dicaprylyl Carbonate is derived from coconut oil and sustainably sourced palm kernel oil and leaves a dry, velvety feel, with no oily residue. The ingredient is RSPO certified.

Di Sodium Lauryl Ethoxy Sulphosuccinate

Derived from coconut, Di Sodium Lauryl Ethoxy Sulphosuccinate is a cleansing agent that is gentle on skin.

Tocopheryl Acetate [Vitamin E]

One of the skincare industry’s most efficacious ingredients, Vitamin E possesses superior antioxidant activity and protects skin cells from ultraviolet light, pollution and other elements that produce free radicals which damage skin by breaking down collagen and elastin, causing signs of aging. Vitamin E fights against and repairs the damage caused by these free radicals, enabling the skin’s structure to stay intact, helping to reduce transepidermal water loss and strengthening the skin’s barrier function. Applying it directly to the body can increase levels of Vitamin E in the skin by almost ten times, giving the skin a reserve it can draw from to reduce and prevent skin damage, such as stretch marks. One of the most important benefits of Vitamin E is the prevention of skin cancer. It protects the epidermis from early stages of ultraviolet light damage, while providing some benefit in preventing and treating sunburn. Vitamin E regulates Vitamin A in cosmetic formulations, making this a powerful combination in skincare.

Tocopheryl Acetate [Vitamin E]

 
E

Eugenol

Eugenol, also known as clove oil, is an aromatic oil extracted from cloves and plays a role in our natural, plant-based fragrance.


 
F

Fragrance

Our fragrance [fragrance is a term required by EU regulations] is 100 percent natural and extracted using CO2 supercritical extraction. This is one of the cleanest and purest ways of obtaining extracts and actives from ingredients and eliminates the need for potentially harmful solvents such as hexane, often used in the manufacture of ‘absolute' and 'fragrance oils’. This method also produces a more alive, rich and spirited aroma.


 
G

Gluconolactone & Sodium Benzoate

Gluconolactone is derived from GE-free corn, which is used as a preservative in the food and cosmetic industry. Gluconolactone is also a natural constituent of many foods, including honey, fruit juices, wine and other fermented products. It is used as a moisturiser, antioxidant and chelant. It has excellent safety and toxicity results via comprehensive data studies and is not tested on animals.

Sodium benzoate occurs naturally in the plant world and has a long history of safe use as an effective and natural preservative in the food and personal care industry.

Glucose

A simple sugar derived from corn that is also a powerful humectant. Designed to hold and bind moisture deep within the hair fibre for a softer, silkier result.

Glycerin

Derived from plant oils, Glycerin is a humectant designed to moisturise the hair and skin by drawing moisture from the air. It forms a protective layer to ensure this moisture is then effectively locked in.

Glycerin

Glyceryl Stearate SE

Our plant-based version of Glyceryl Stearate acts as a lubricant on the skin's surface, giving it a softer, smoother appearance. It also reduces trans-epidermal water loss by forming a barrier on the skin's surface. This ingredient is RSPO certified and is derived from sustainably sourced vegetable oils.

Glycol Distearate

Derived from canola, coconut and palm kernel oil, this ingredient is used to provide conditioning and thickening properties to a formulation. RSPO certified.

Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride

Derived from Guar gum, this ingredient is commonly used in hair and body washes as a conditioning agent for both skin and hair. It also acts as a vehicle for active ingredients, and provides anti-static properties without weighing hair down.


 
H

Hamamelis Virginiana Water

Derived from the hamamelis virginiana plant native to America, Witch Hazel possesses an array of skin benefits, including superior anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. An oil regulator and highly antiseptic, it is of great benefit to acneic skin types, as well as helping to tighten pores and soothe post-shave.

Helianthus Annuus [Sunflower] Seed Oil

Extracted from the seeds of the sunflower, sunflower seed oil is high in antioxidants and beta carotene, which protect and fight against free radicals. Also highly anti-inflammatory, sunflower seed oil contains compounds that protect collagen and elastin, along with linoleic acid and omega 6 fatty acid to help in cell regeneration.

Helianthus Annuus [Sunflower] Seed Oil

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid is derived via the fermentation process of wheat with a specific type of bacteria. It is then purified and precipitated to extract the hyaluronic acid naturally present in the wheat.

Hyaluronic acid is an excellent moisturiser as it acts like a “moisture magnet”. It can hold up to 1000 times its own weight in water and has the amazing ability to attract and bind water molecules, keeping collagen hydrated while plumping, softening and smoothing the skin. With age, the body’s ability to produce its own hyaluronic acid diminishes therefore topical application helps replenish the skin.

Hydrogenated Coco-glycerides

Fatty particles derived from coconuts, with lightly emulsifying properties, which improve product consistency and bind moisture to the skin's surface.

Hydrolyzed Adansonia Digitata Extract

Baobab extract is a protein extracted from the seeds of the baobab fruit. These proteins significantly increase the barrier function of the hair to protect and lock in moisture.

Hydrolyzed Adansonia Digitata Extract

Hydrolyzed Ceratonia Siliqua [Carob] Seed Extract

Derived from the carob tree, Keratrix™ contains biofunctional peptides and amino acids that efficiently strengthen the hair fibre. Its sustained release system allows it to remain active in the hair over time, increasing hair resistance and elasticity, and strengthening and improving the condition of weak and dry hair. Keratrix™ repairs hair damage produced by mechanical, thermal and chemical processes.

Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Extract

Extracted from the Hibiscus esculentus (okra) seed. Hibiscus extract re-hydrates, plumps and smooths the hair fibre by generating a molecular layer of moisture (hydrophilic film) on the hair's cuticle surface, resulting in thicker, shinier, silky hair. Because Hibiscus extract contains anti-free radical properties, it restores balance in the dermal cells of dandruff sufferers.

Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Extract

Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

Hair is 91 per cent protein, which under a microscope resembles linked coils. These coils are what make our hair feel robust, strong and bouncy. When hair becomes damaged, the coils are weakened, leading to breakage. Hydrolyzed wheat proteins have a molecular weight that enables them to penetrate the cuticle layer, internally fortifying and strengthening the hair fibre.

Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

 
J

Jojoba Esters

Jojoba esters are produced through the hydrogenation or transesterification of jojoba oil. Jojoba esters are commonly used in cosmetic formulations as an emollient, due to its remarkable similarity to the natural oils produced by the human body and its high oxidative stability. In hair care, it helps in supporting the hair's hydro-lipid barrier.


 
K

KERATRIX™ - Hydrolyzed Ceratonia Silaqua [Carob] Seed Extract, Zea Mays [Corn] Starch, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride

Keratrix™ is derived from the carob tree and contains biofunctional peptides and amino acids to efficiently strengthen the hair fiber. Its sustained release system allows it to remain in the hair for a prolonged action. It is a cosmetic active ingredient which increases hair resistance and elasticity, and strengthens and improves weak and dry hair. Keratrix™ repairs hair damage produced by mechanical, thermal and chemical processes.


 
L

Lactic Acid

Lactic acid is produced via the fermentation of carbohydrates such as glucose, sucrose, or lactose. It is one of the most popular alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) as it is gentler on the skin, helping reduce breakouts and diminishing the appearance of wrinkles and other signs of ageing.

Lauryl Glucoside & Stearyl Citrate

Lauryl glucoside is a foaming agent used in cosmetic formulations as a natural alternative to sulfates. It is naturally derived from sugar, palm and coconut oil. Stearyl citrate is derived from stearyl alcohol and citric acid. Stearyl alcohol is a naturally fatty alcohol derived from stearic acid, coconut oil or vegetable fatty acids, and is used as a conditioning agent to soothe and soften, and as an emulsifier. Citric acid is obtained by feeding Aspergillus sucrose or glucose (sugar), which subsequently converts it into a citric acid.

Leptospermum Scoparium Mel [Mānuka] Honey

Highly valued for its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which accelerate natural wound repair to provide outstanding healing properties, Mãnuka Honey also works as a humectant, drawing vital moisture into the skin to nourish and restore, while balancing the skin’s pH levels.

Limnanthes Alba [Meadowfoam] Seed Oil

Extracted from the seeds of meadowfoam [Limnanthes alba], Meadowfoam oil is supremely high in antioxidants, protecting against free radicals and slowing down transepidermal water loss in the skin. It is also highly anti-inflammatory, making it excellent for eczema or dermatitis.

Limnanthes Alba [Meadowfoam] Seed Oil

Limonene

A chemical found in the peel of citrus fruits and other plants, Limonene is the chemical constituent of many natural fragrance oils.

Linalool

The chemical constituent of many natural fragrance oils such as lavender, citrus, basil and rose, Linalool is a floral and spicy terpene alcohol that is found in over 200 plants.

Linum Usitatissimum [Linseed] Seed Oil

Linseed oil, also known as flaxseed oil, is a colourless to yellowish oil obtained from the dried, ripened seeds of the flax plant.

Litchi Chinensis [Lychee] Extract

Highly moisturising, regulating and energising, lychee extract contains antioxidant free-radical scavengers to protect against ultraviolet stress from UVA and UVB rays and photo-aging. It offers overall protective activity, resulting in a brighter and more radiant complexion.

Litchi Chinensis [Lychee] Extract

Lycium Barbarum [Goji] Fruit Extract

Obtained from the fruit of the goji berry, this extract is a powerful antioxidant and skin-softening agent with the ability to capture superoxide radicals and inhibit lipid peroxidation. Lipid peroxidation is the oxidation and degradation of lipids—healthy, youthful skin has an abundance of naturally occurring lipids that protect the skin from damage.

Lycium Barbarum [Goji] Seed Oil

Penetrating deep into the skin, Goji Berry Seed oil is rich in polysaccharides, vitamins, and essential fatty acids, especially linoleic acid (omega 6). It protects and repairs the skin by stimulating intercellular oxygenation, helping to restore the vital balance of water and fats in the hydrolipidic film of the skin. It also assists in blood circulation.

Lycium Barbarum [Goji] Seed Oil

 
M

Macadamia Ternifolia [Macadamia] Nut Oil

Macadamia oil is easily assimilated by the skin as it contains 22 percent omega 7/palmitoleic acid, the substance found in our own natural sebum, making it one of the most skin-compatible oils for use in skincare. As the skin ages, palmitoleic acid production decreases, making skin drier and more crepey. Replenishing mature skin with this lipid helps it retain suppleness by replacing naturally occurring cell lipids, creating younger and fresher looking skin.

Macadamia Ternifolia [Macadamia] Nut Oil

Macropiper Excelsum [Kawakawa] Leaf Extract

Kawakawa extract is a powerful native New Zealand botanical that possesses antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties to help soothe and heal irritated skin.

Mangifera Indica [Mango] Seed Butter

Pressed from the kernels of the mango fruit, mango butter is rich in proteins, fats, and Vitamin B, and is an intensely lipid-rich ingredient for nourishing dry skin. It also promotes cell regeneration within the skin and possesses UV ray protection.

Mangifera Indica [Mango] Seed Butter

 
N

Niacinamide

Niacinamide formulated at 5 per cent is a powerful and efficacious ingredient. It has the ability to inhibit the transfer of pigment to skin cells preventing hyperpigmentation, reduce water loss, strengthen the protective barrier function of the skin, reduce inflammation and balance the skin’s pH level. It has also been proven to effectively reverse and minimise UV damage by boosting the skin’s immune response, regulate sebum production, stimulate collagen and elastin production in fibroblasts, and boost mitochondria performance.


 
O

Oenothera Biennis [Evening Primrose] Oil

Evening Primrose oil is high in omega 3s, which are key in boosting cell turnover, are anti-inflammatory and skin softening. It is also rich in vitamin E, making it effective in reducing moisture loss and promoting cell regeneration. A superb emollient and skin nutrient, it is also high in essential fatty acids.

Oenothera Biennis [Evening Primrose] Oil

Olea Europaea [Olive] Fruit Oil

Olive oil contains 25 different natural antioxidants, including several high in vitamin E, A, and K, fatty acids (oleic, palmitic, and linoleic) and antioxidant flavonoids. Scientific tests have shown that these antioxidants not only attack and destroy the harmful free radicals that age the skin, but also have antibacterial and antifungal properties.

The most potent compound found in olive oil is hydroxytyrosol, which contains a high concentration of anti-inflammatory properties, making it suitable for even the most sensitive skin types, including babies and those with eczema and psoriasis.

Omegas

Omegas (EFAs) are vital fats that are part of every cell in the body. They are the necessary lipidic component of our skin because they maintain moisture, softness and elasticity while providing a protective barrier against disease-causing organisms and harmful bacteria. The body's normal secretion of EFAs decreases with age, leaving skin dry and crepey. We need to ensure that we feed our skin with the correct balance and amount of omegas 3, 6, 7 and 9 to help keep it soft, supple and plump. When topically applied, omegas are readily absorbed into the epidermal and dermal tissue layers providing moisture, hydration, elasticity, skin smoothness, wrinkle reduction and relief from irritation and redness caused by UV exposure. Omegas also help combat inflammatory disorders. The skin of a normal, healthy 20-year-old has a balance of 50% water and 50% fat. Thus, while omegas are essential for healthy skin, the best skin care requires a balance of oil and water to maintain healthy function.

Omegas are fatty acids that the body requires for good health because they moisturise internally and help with the uptake of other essential vitamins and minerals. It is important to note that the body does not manufacture these fatty acids; therefore, they must be included in the diet. Only two fatty acids are known to be essential for humans: alpha-linolenic acid (an omega 3 fatty acid) and linoleic acid (an omega 6 fatty acid).

Omega 3: Helps to boost natural cell turnover and regulates cell hydration. As we get older, our skin loses that ‘fresh faced’ look because of its inability to renew quickly. Omega 3 has long been known to have hydrating, anti-inflammatory and anti-coagulant properties. Applied topically, it is considered to be effective in the treatment of psoriasis and acne.

Omega 6: Maintains healthy skin, hair and nails, and generally helps to bring about hormonal and emotional balance. Omega 6 has a pro-inflammatory effect, while omega 3 has a non-inflammatory effect. For optimal results we need to have a balanced ratio of omega 6 and omega 3.

Omega 7: The rarest of all omegas. Macadamia nut oil contains one of the highest amounts of palmitoleic acid (omega 7) of any plant. Palmitoleic acid is a substance found in the skin’s natural oil (called sebum). As our skin ages, the amount of palmitoleic acid decreases making the skin dry and crepey. Omega 7 helps mature skin retain its suppleness and replaces naturally occurring cell lipids to create younger and fresher looking skin.

Omega 9: Has a high lipid count making it an excellent moisturiser without leaving skin greasy. Omega 9 (oleic acid) is able to penetrate past the outer layer of the skin, leading to a more intense and longer lasting nourishment while enhancing the skin's ability to absorb active ingredients. It is widely used as a delivery system in topical medicines.


 
P

Palmitic Acid

Derived from sustainably harvested, RSPO certified palm oil, palmitic acid is a naturally occurring fatty acid in the body. For this reason, it is easily converted by the skin to prevent moisture loss and protect against bacteria and allergens.

Panax [Ginseng] Root Extract

Ginseng extract contains a large number of phytonutrients that stimulate and activate the skin’s metabolism and blood flow, helping to regenerate and tone. Ginseng also possesses adaptogenic properties, which help the body adapt to stress from both internal and external sources. Adaptogens raise resistance to physical, chemical or biological stresses and boost cell recovery, thereby normalising the body’s physiological state.

Panax [Ginseng] Root Extract

Panthenol [Provitamin B5]

Panthenol is an active form of Vitamin B that is formulated in high concentrations. An excellent emollient, it binds to the hair shaft by creating a light, hermetic seal to give lustre, brilliance and shine, while reducing the formation of split ends. It also possesses a small molecule, allowing it to penetrate the hair cuticle to provide strength, resistance and volume.

Vitamin B is a highly skin-compatible vitamin, and popular with good reason. It binds to and holds water in the skin, leaving it nourished, soft and supple. It also possesses anti-inflammatory properties, stimulates wound healing and helps restore the function of the skin’s barrier.

Panthenol [Provitamin B5]

Persea Gratissima [Avocado] Oil

Avocado oil, made from pressing the seed of the avocado fruit, is rich in phospholipids, vitamins/anti-oxidants (A, B1, B2, B5, D and E), minerals (such as the youth-mineral potassium), essential fatty acids (22 percent oleic acid/ omega 9), and fruit acids (alpha hydroxy). This exceptionally light, natural oil possesses healing properties and is renowned for its ability to quickly penetrate the outer layers of skin and rehydrate without leaving a greasy residue. In a study done at the Department of Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in 1991, it was found that avocado oil significantly increases the amount of collagen in the skin, which normally decreases as we grow older. Compared with almond, corn, olive, and soybean oils, avocado oil has the highest skin penetration rate (Swisher, 1988). Of all the fruits, avocado oil contains the highest amount of sterolins—a protein proven to reduce the appearance of age spots, scars and sun damage—making it an ideal ingredient in skin moisturisers. Among eight plant oils, avocado oil proved the most effective sunscreen (Swisher, 1988). Found in all Sans [ceuticals] Hydratants, avocado oil restores health and shine to mistreated and dry hair due to its high vitamin and essential fatty acid content.

Persea Gratissima [Avocado] Oil

Polyglyceryl-2 Caprate

Derived from glycerin and fatty acids, polyglyceryl-2 caprate is commonly used as an emulsifier in cosmetics and also possesses activity against gram-positive bacteria. It scores a ‘low hazard’ 1/10 on EWG's Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database - a non-profit, environmental organisation that specialises in research and advocacy in the areas of toxic chemicals.

Polyglyceryl-2 Sesquioleate

Obtained through the condensation of plant derived glyceryl and oleic acid, polyglyceryl-2 sesquioleate is used in cosmetic formulations as an emulsifier. It is Ecocert certified and scores a ‘low hazard’ 1/10 on EWG's Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database—a non-profit, environmental organisation that specialises in research and advocacy in the areas of toxic chemicals.

Polyquaternium-7

This clever ingredient imparts a smooth velvety feel and improves slip and moisturisation in skin and haircare products.

Polysorbate 20

Polysorbate 20 is derived from Lauric Acid, and is used primarily in medicines, food and cosmetics as an emulsifier to bind ingredients together, or as a surfactant or solubiliser. Lauric acid is a fatty acid that occurs naturally in vegetable fats and oils, and is often derived from coconut.

Potassium Sorbate

Discovered by the French in the 1850s and derived from the berries of the mountain ash tree, potassium sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid. It is primarily used as a food preservative to inhibit moulds and yeasts in the like of cheese, wine, yogurt, dried meats and apple cider.

Propanediol

Naturally derived from corn glucose, or corn sugar, Propandiol is used in product formulation to give better spreadability, as well as enable certain ingredients to blend and effectively penetrate the skin.

Propolis Extract

Propolis extract is resinous mixture that honey bees produce by mixing saliva, beeswax and plant sap. Multiple academic studies have shown propolis to be highly antimicrobial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory; effectively working to heal and calm skin.

Propolis Extract

Prunus Armeniaca [Apricot] Kernel Oil

This fine, delicate oil is highly emollient and anti-inflammatory, and also rich in vitamins E and K. Vitamin K promotes wound healing by increasing wound contraction, while the emollient properties of apricot kernel oil help to exfoliate and moisturise the skin, helping it retain moisture and eliminate dry patches.

Prunus Armeniaca [Apricot] Kernel Oil

 
R

Retinyl Palmitate [Vitamin A]

Vitamin A is a DNA regulator which spurs on collagen and elastin production and maintains pigment control. It stimulates cell renewal and skin repair, increases skin thickness, improves elasticity, works an exfoliant by increasing cellular turnover and can be utilised as an effective acne treatment. It also improves skin texture and tone and decreases enlarged pores. Retinyl palmitate is the most important form of vitamin A as more than 80 per cent of the vitamin A normally found in the skin is retinyl palmitate. It is also the mildest form, producing the least dryness and irritation of the skin. Studies have shown that topically applied retinyl palmitate can even reverse certain aspects of skin ageing.

When used in haircare, Vitamin A normalises cellular function and is therefore ideal for promoting the health of the scalp.

Retinyl Palmitate [Vitamin A]

Ribes Nigrum [Black Currant] Seed Oil

Rich in antioxidants, Black Currant Seed Oil protects skin cells from the kind of free radical-induced damage that results in dryness, skin breakouts and inflammation.

Ribes Nigrum [Black Currant] Fruit Extract

Used in our skincare as a natural colourant.

Ricinus Communis [Castor] Seed Oil 

Obtained by pressing the seeds of the castor oil plant, castor oil is a thick, viscous liquid whose main fatty acid is ricinoleic acid. It is used in cosmetics as an emollient. The antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of castor oil make it useful in reducing acne, while ricinoleic acid can inhibit the growth of the bacteria that cause it. It can also be used to protect burns and wounds from infection.

Ricinus Communis [Castor] Seed Oil 

Rosmarinus Officinalis [Rosemary] Leaf Extract 

This powerful herb has superior antioxidant strength, making it a favourite in the preservation of food and cosmetics. Rosemary extract is used to slow microbial growth on food and prevents oxidation of oils in skin care formulations.


 
S

Saccharide Isomerate & Sodium Citrate [PENTAVITIN®]

Derived from wheat and 100% natural with NATRUE certification—a non-profit organisation that provides certification guaranteeing the ingredient is genuinely natural. NATRUE also guarantees the ingredient is Soil Association approved and not tested on animals. Both ECOCERT approved and preservative free, PENTAVITIN® is a unique active ingredient that repairs the scalp barrier, soothes irritation and provides deep hydration.

Saccharum Officianarium [Sugar Cane]

These finely-ground sugar granules, derived from the sugar cane plant, assist in gentle mechanical exfoliation. Sugar is also a natural humectant, drawing in moisture from the environment to hydrate and moisturise.

Saccharum Officianarium [Sugar Cane]

Silica

Silica is a mineral found naturally in sandstone, clay, and granite, as well as the parts of some plants. Silica gel is edible and widely used in the pharmaceutical industry to “bulk out” medications and supplements. A high performance resurfacing compound, it is the ingredient of choice for micro peels and micro dermabrasion due to its small micron size, eliminating the risk of over-exfoliation or capillary damage in skin.

Simmondsia Chinensis [Jojoba] Seed Oil

Derived from the seeds of a desert shrub native to Southern Arizona, Southern California, and Northwestern Mexico, Jojoba oil has excellent absorbency and skin compatibility. It is utilised by our cells more readily due to the fact it closely resembles our own natural sebum. It also possesses powerful anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties.

Simmondsia Chinensis [Jojoba] Seed Oil

Sodium Benzoate

Sodium benzoate occurs naturally in the plant world and has a long history of safe use as an effective and natural preservative in food and personal care.

Sodium Hyaluronate [and] 1,2-Hexanediol [and] Caprylyl Glycol

Derived from hyaluronic acid, Sodium Hyaluronate has a lower molecular weight than HA which means it is small enough to penetrate the epidermal layer, resulting in deeper hydration. It is an excellent moisturiser as it acts like a “moisture magnet”, with the ability to hold up to 1000 times its own weight in water. It also has the amazing ability to attract and bind water molecules, keeping collagen hydrated while plumping, softening and smoothing the skin. With age, the body’s ability to produce its own HA diminishes, therefore topical application helps replenish the skin.

Sodium Hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide is derived from salt water [brine] and manufactured by electrolysis. It is used in minute amounts in cosmetics to establish and retain the pH of a formula.

Sodium Lactate

Sodium Lactate is naturally derived from the fermentation of natural sugars. A natural humectant, it provides moisture and is also used to balance the pH of formulations.

Sodium Lauroyl Methyl Isethionate

Sodium lauroyl methyl isethionate is a water soluble, coconut derived, surfactant that also happens to be sulfate-free. Not to be confused with similar sounding sodium lauryl sulfate, this ingredient is an incredibly mild surfactant and is considered to be one of the safest on the planet.

Sodium Stearoyl Glutamate

Sodium stearoyl glutamate is a hypo allergenic amino acid produced from glutamic acid and plant [palm or coconut] fatty acids. With a pH similar to that of skin, sodium stearoyl glutamate is used in skincare as a very gentle, yet effective moisturiser or as an emulsifier, helping keep water and oil components evenly mixed.

Squalane [Olive] Fruit Oil

The molecular composition of squalane oil is so fine that it is immediately absorbed deep into the dermal layers of the skin, without leaving any oily residue. Olive squalane is a pure, botanically derived squalane produced by the hydrogenation of the squalene source in olive oil. It is a non-animal alternative to shark-derived squalane.

Squalane [Olive] Fruit Oil

Stearic Acid

Stearic acid is obtained from naturally occurring fats and oils by saponifiying their triglycerides using hot water. It is an important component of stratum corneum lipids and used in formulations to protect the skin's natural barrier against water loss and support barrier function. It is found in cocoa butter, shea butter, and other vegetable fats, as well as animal tallow. Ours is sustainably sourced and RSPO certified.

Sugar Cane Extract

Restores the hair fibre’s natural pH balance and smoothes the cuticle structure, producing a glossy surface similar to virgin hair.

Sugar Cane Extract

Superoxide Dismutase

Found in both the dermis and the epidermis, and key to the production of healthy skin building cells, superoxide dismutase is arguably the body’s most crucial antioxidant. It is engineered using biotechnology by feeding live yeast cells copper and zinc. This makes the enzymes exceptionally active and responsible for neutralising free radicals. Once cultured, the protein fraction of the cell extract containing superoxide dismutase is isolated and made into a concentrated form for special use in cosmecueticals. In its topical form, it may help to reduce facial wrinkles, scar tissue, heal wounds and burns, lighten dark or hyper-pigmentation, protect against harmful UV rays, and guard hair colour against solar damage.


 
T

Terminalia Ferdinandiana [Kakadu] Plum Fruit Extract

Native to Northern Australia, the Kakadu plum has been identified as the fruit with the world’s highest vitamin C content, up to 100 times more than an orange. Due to this high vitamin C content, it is a powerful free radical scavenger, working to stimulate pro-collagen I and hyaluronic acid synthesis, while boosting skin radiance and luminosity.

Theobroma Cacao [Cocoa] Fruit Powder

Used in our skincare as an antioxidant and natural colourant.

Theobroma Cacao [Cocoa] Butter 

Obtained by pressing the seeds of the cacao tree, cocoa butter is a creamy-coloured, edible vegetable fat. Raw cacao has over 40 times the antioxidants of blueberries. It is high in palmitoleic acid, a potent antioxidant known to support healthy cell membranes, hydrate the skin and support skin healing, and slows the loss of moisture from the skin by forming a barrier on its surface.

Theobroma Cacao [Cocoa] Butter 

Tocopherol [Vitamin E]

One of the skincare industry’s most efficacious ingredients, Vitamin E possesses superior antioxidant activity and protects skin cells from ultraviolet light, pollution and other elements that produce free radicals which damage skin by breaking down collagen and elastin, causing signs of aging. Vitamin E fights against and repairs the damage caused by these free radicals, enabling the skin’s structure to stay intact, helping to reduce transepidermal water loss and strengthening the skin’s barrier function. Applying it directly to the body can increase levels of Vitamin E in the skin by almost ten times, giving the skin a reserve it can draw from to reduce and prevent skin damage, such as stretch marks. One of the most important benefits of Vitamin E is the prevention of skin cancer. It protects the epidermis from early stages of ultraviolet light damage, while providing some benefit in preventing and treating sunburn. Vitamin E regulates Vitamin A in cosmetic formulations, making this a powerful combination in skincare.

Tocopherol [Vitamin E]

Trisodium Ethylenediamine Disuccinate

Winner of the UK Green Technology design award, this new generation preservative is fully biodegradable and one of the most exciting environmentally friendly alternatives on the natural care market. It scores a ‘low hazard’ 1/10 rating on EWG's Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database—a non-profit, environmental organisation that specialises in research and advocacy in the areas of toxic chemicals.


 
U

Ubiquinone

A vitamin-like substance that naturally occurs in our body's cells, Ubiquinone provides cells with the energy they need to repair and regenerate, and also helps our body produce collagen and elastin. As we age, our natural levels of Ubiquinone decrease, making topical application highly beneficial for healthy skin.


 
V

Vitamin B

Skin: A highly skin compatible vitamin as it is readily absorbed, helping to repair the cutaneous barrier, improve hydration and softness, and reduce roughness. Soothes irritated skin and encourages healing. Vitamin B has the ability to attract and hold water in the hair and skin very effectively.

Hair: An active form of vitamin B formulated in high concentrations. An excellent emollient, it binds to the hair shaft by creating a light hermetic seal on the surface of the hair, lubricating the hair shaft and giving lustre and shine. It also reduces the formation of split ends. Brighten and create shine in your hair by using vitamin B-rich Sans [ceuticals] pH & Shine Corrector.

Vitamin B

Vitella Paradoxa [Shea Butter]

Derived from pressing the shea butter nut, shea butter is rich in vitamins A, E, and F. It is ultra-hydrating, anti-inflammatory, and extremely soothing for irritated skin. Shea butter also naturally absorbs UVB rays to help protect skin from the sun.

Vitella Paradoxa [Shea Butter]

Vitis Vinifera [Grape] Seed Extract

Contains chemical constituents such as proanthocyanidins, polyphenols, flavonoids, and anthocyanins, very potent antioxidants that aid directly in diminishing environmental damage.


 
X

Xanthan Gum

Derived from the fermentation process of glucose, sucrose or lactose, the polysaccharide xanthan gum is used as a thickening agent in cosmetics. It outperforms artificial thickeners due to its ability to withstand humid conditions, reacts well with water and has smoothing properties.

Xylitol

Part of a patented complex called AQUAXYL™ - an innovative combination of plant sugars that boost hydration and strengthen the barrier function of the hair and skin. It also restores moisture at the heart of the cuticle.

Xylitylglucoside

Part of a patented complex called AQUAXYL™ - an innovative combination of plant sugars that boost hydration and strengthen the barrier function of the hair and skin. It also restores moisture at the heart of the cuticle.


 
Z

Zea Mays [Corn] Starch

A starch derived from corn and used in skin and haircare formulations to increase absorbency, viscosity and provide skin protection.

Zea Mays [Corn] Starch

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