Sans [ceuticals] | Glossary Index



Palmitic Acid

Derived from sustainably harvested, RSPO certified palm oil, palmitic acid is a naturally occurring fatty acid in the body. For this reason, it is easily converted by the skin to prevent moisture loss and protect against bacteria and allergens.

Panax [Ginseng] Root Extract

Ginseng extract contains a large number of phytonutrients that stimulate and activate the skin’s metabolism and blood flow, helping to regenerate and tone. Ginseng also possesses adaptogenic properties, which help the body adapt to stress from both internal and external sources. Adaptogens raise resistance to physical, chemical or biological stresses and boost cell recovery, thereby normalising the body’s physiological state.

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Panthenol [Provitamin B5]

Panthenol is an active form of Vitamin B that is formulated in high concentrations. An excellent emollient, it binds to the hair shaft by creating a light, hermetic seal to give lustre, brilliance and shine, while reducing the formation of split ends. It also possesses a small molecule, allowing it to penetrate the hair cuticle to provide strength, resistance and volume.

Vitamin B is a highly skin-compatible vitamin, and popular with good reason. It binds to and holds water in the skin, leaving it nourished, soft and supple. It also possesses anti-inflammatory properties, stimulates wound healing and helps restore the function of the skin’s barrier.


Persea Gratissima [Avocado] Oil

Avocado oil, made from pressing the seed of the avocado fruit, is rich in phospholipids, vitamins/anti-oxidants (A, B1, B2, B5, D and E), minerals (such as the youth-mineral potassium), essential fatty acids (22 percent oleic acid/ omega 9), and fruit acids (alpha hydroxy). This exceptionally light, natural oil possesses healing properties and is renowned for its ability to quickly penetrate the outer layers of skin and rehydrate without leaving a greasy residue. In a study done at the Department of Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in 1991, it was found that avocado oil significantly increases the amount of collagen in the skin, which normally decreases as we grow older. Compared with almond, corn, olive, and soybean oils, avocado oil has the highest skin penetration rate (Swisher, 1988). Of all the fruits, avocado oil contains the highest amount of sterolins—a protein proven to reduce the appearance of age spots, scars and sun damage—making it an ideal ingredient in skin moisturisers. Among eight plant oils, avocado oil proved the most effective sunscreen (Swisher, 1988). Found in all Sans [ceuticals] Hydratants, avocado oil restores health and shine to mistreated and dry hair due to its high vitamin and essential fatty acid content.

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Polyglyceryl-2 Caprate

Derived from glycerin and fatty acids, polyglyceryl-2 caprate is commonly used as an emulsifier in cosmetics and also possesses activity against gram-positive bacteria. It scores a ‘low hazard’ 1/10 on EWG's Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database - a non-profit, environmental organisation that specialises in research and advocacy in the areas of toxic chemicals.

Polyglyceryl-2 Sesquioleate

Obtained through the condensation of plant derived glyceryl and oleic acid, polyglyceryl-2 sesquioleate is used in cosmetic formulations as an emulsifier. It is Ecocert certified and scores a ‘low hazard’ 1/10 on EWG's Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database—a non-profit, environmental organisation that specialises in research and advocacy in the areas of toxic chemicals.


This clever ingredient imparts a smooth velvety feel and improves slip and moisturisation in skin and haircare products.

Polysorbate 20

Polysorbate 20 is derived from Lauric Acid, and is used primarily in medicines, food and cosmetics as an emulsifier to bind ingredients together, or as a surfactant or solubiliser. Lauric acid is a fatty acid that occurs naturally in vegetable fats and oils, and is often derived from coconut.

Potassium Sorbate

Discovered by the French in the 1850s and derived from the berries of the mountain ash tree, potassium sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid. It is primarily used as a food preservative to inhibit moulds and yeasts in the like of cheese, wine, yogurt, dried meats and apple cider.


Naturally derived from corn glucose, or corn sugar, Propandiol is used in product formulation to give better spreadability, as well as enable certain ingredients to blend and effectively penetrate the skin.

Propolis Extract

Propolis extract is resinous mixture that honey bees produce by mixing saliva, beeswax and plant sap. Multiple academic studies have shown propolis to be highly antimicrobial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory; effectively working to heal and calm skin.

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Prunus Armeniaca [Apricot] Kernel Oil

This fine, delicate oil is highly emollient and anti-inflammatory, and also rich in vitamins E and K. Vitamin K promotes wound healing by increasing wound contraction, while the emollient properties of apricot kernel oil help to exfoliate and moisturise the skin, helping it retain moisture and eliminate dry patches.

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